The 20th National Congress of the CPC and the challenges facing China


By:Sami Jabry

Over the years, China has made great progress in its economic development, and keeping abreast of the times, it has been improving its ability to cope with challenges and manage risks. This year marks the 73rd anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. Although the country is still facing many internal and external challenges, it is not her first time to be confronted with such a challenging situation. China has come face to face with graver problems before in such areas as social development, poverty alleviation, economic situation, and the building of a modern science and technology system. But each time, China surmounted it with the minimum cost. Today, through high-level reform and opening up and such cooperation initiative as the Belt and Road, China’s development experience got to spread around the world and is warmly welcomed by many countries. But there are countries who are full of worries and doubts about these initiatives and regard China’s development as a threat, believing it is trying to control the world economy.

China’s National Day this year is very close to the date of the 20th National Congress of the CPC. Held every five years, this session is of a different significance in that it is not only held at the crucial moment when the country is going all out for achieving the Second Centenary Goal of building itself into a great modern socialist country in all respects, but also because it made some revision to the Party Constitution and put forward some major proposals.

At present, China is at a critical juncture of making major internal and external choices. Externally, the United States has been strengthening its military presence in the Asia Pacific region, threatened its security and ran counter to it on Taiwan question. Meanwhile, the fallacy that China and Russia are working together to change the international order prevails. Given the circumstances, China will give its national leaders more power and space to make major decisions, making the country more capable of defending itself and foiling hostile actions that threaten its national unity.

Internally, through this session, Marxist thought and new ideas of governance will be further improved and innovated, the experience of upholding and strengthening Party leadership will be carried out to a greater degree, and Marxism will be further adapted to the Chinese context and the fine traditional Chinese culture. What is more, the revised Party Constitution will also play a positive role in promoting China’s development in various fields.


Sami Jabry, journalist and host of Iraq News Group